About hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid was discovered in 1934 and is a molecule made up of sugars found in the natural connective tissue of the body. It has the role of maintaining hydration in the tissues. Natural production of hyaluronic acid in the body decreases as we age. The highest concentrations of hyaluronic acid are found in the eye, as well as in the joints.
What is hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid is a polysaccharide, that is made up of several sugar molecules. This is one of the main components of the extracellular matrix, having the important role of maintaining hydration in tissues.
The role of hyaluronic acid in the body
Hyaluronic acid has several functions in the body, being an indispensable element.
Stimulation of collagen production
Collagen is the skin protein that keeps the skin firm and elastic at the same time. As we age, the level of collagen in the body decreases, and so the wrinkles and signs of aging on the face appear. But hyaluronic acid stimulates the production of collagen, thus having anti-aging properties.
Moisturizing, increasing skin resilience and elasticity
Maintaining hydration in tissues and stimulating collagen levels, hyaluronic acid helps maintain youthful and elastic skin.
Lubrication of cartilage and joints
Hyaluronic acid lubricates cartilages and joints, preventing their degradation. By supporting joints, hyaluronic acid can prevent a range of conditions such as osteoarthritis. At the cartilage and joints level, hyaluronic acid acts as a protective barrier around each cell.
Hyaluronic acid also plays an important role in the process of skin regeneration, healing of cutaneous lesions. Studies in the field have confirmed that hyaluronic acid accelerates the process of scarring the lesions, relieving inflammation and speeding up cell regeneration so that affected tissues are replaced with new and healthy ones as quickly as possible.
Forms of administration of hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid is found naturally in the body, but we can benefit from supplementing it. Since hyaluronic acid production decreases with age, it is advisable to use products that supplement the hyaluronic acid requirement to keep our cartilage and joints healthy, and young skin.
Hyaluronic acid vials
Hyaluronic acid vials are for external use and contain concentrated amounts of acid. They are applied at the skin level to give skin intensive moisturizing and water maintenance in the tissues for as long as possible.
Creams and solutions with hyaluronic acid
Creams and other hyaluronic acid products also promise intense moisturizing and wrinkle control. Scientists, however, claim that hyaluronic acid molecules are too large to penetrate into the depth of the skin, which means that the acid applied in the form of cream or serum acts like any other moisturizing cream – it provides moisturizing, improving the appearance of wrinkles over a period of time determined.
Injection of hyaluronic acid
Injection of hyaluronic acid appears to be the most powerful effect. Hyaluronic acid injections can be used for both medical and aesthetic reasons. In the case of osteoarthritis, hyaluronic acid can be injected to complement the level of joint fluids.
With aging, joint and cartilage fluids reduce their volume, but they can be replaced by hyaluronic acid injection. Thus, knee pain, as well as other pains that attack the joints and cartilage, are improved. But hyaluronic acid can also be used for beauty, being injected to fill the wrinkles or augment your lips.
Foods containing hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid is also found in some foods, and supplementing their consumption to provide the body with the necessary acid. There are also some foods that prolong the life of hyaluronic acid in tissues.
Vegetables and fruits
Citrus and tomatoes contain naringerin, a flavonoid that has an inhibitory effect on hyaluronidase, the enzyme that breaks the polysaccharide chain, that is, hyaluronic acid. The consumption of these fruits maintains hyaluronic acid for a long time in the body. Kale cabbage, avocados, walnuts, seeds and spinach contain large amounts of magnesium, which is necessary for the production of hyaluronic acid. Potatoes and sweet potatoes are also beneficial to the production of hyaluronic acid.
Experts believe that some fish, that is, their eyes, contain a very concentrated amount of hyaluronic acid.
Poultry meat is also a rich source of hyaluronic acid. The bones, in particular, contain large amounts of hyaluronic acid, and they can be eaten in the form of soup. And the organs of the chicken have a high concentration of hyaluronic acid.
Other foods containing hyaluronic acid
Other foods that contain hyaluronic acid in important quantities are: bone marrow that comes from any animal, soybean, pastring, artichoke.
Hyaluronic acid production throughout life
As we get older, the production of hyaluronic acid decreases. Thus, starting with the age of 25, the level of hyaluronic acid in the body enters a downward slope.
Effects of reducing hyaluronic acid in the body
With the reduction of hyaluronic acid in the body, problems such as:
- Dry skin
- Wrinkles appear on the skin
- Slower healing of skin lesions
- The appearance of joint damage due to joint and cartilage degradation
Use of hyaluronic acid
Hyaluronic acid is used for medical as well as aesthetic reasons. It can be administered in various forms, depending on the purpose for which it is used.
Aesthetic and dermatological treatments
Aesthetic and dermatological treatments based on hyaluronic acid are used to rejuvenate the skin by wrinkling and wrinkling the skin as well as remodeling facial features – lips, cheekbones, chin, nose.
Aesthetic effects of hyaluronic acid
From an aesthetic point of view, acid can fill wrinkles, add volume lost due to age in some areas of the face and may “lift” certain areas. At the same time, it can be used for lip augmentation, but also for remodeling of cheekbones, chin, jawline or nose. In such situations, hyaluronic acid is injected and its effects are temerary, so it will take some time for the substance to be reinjected.
Preparing patients for hyaluronic acid injection
The procedure for injection with hyalurionic acid is a simple one, which can after about 20 to 60 minutes, depending on the remodeled area and the techniques used. The patient will be given an anesthetic cream on the area to be injected, a few minutes before the proper procedure, to prevent pain that accompanies needle sticks.
Frequency of hyaluronic acid injection
Frequency of hyaluronic acid injection depends on the body of each, how it is being hydrated, and the quality of the injected acid. The new types of hyaluronic acid released on the market are more difficult to absorb, which means that the affect is more persistent in their case. Specialists promise that the effects of acid can be seen for up to 2 years, but the truth is that you may feel the need for reinfusion and after 6-9 months.
What is interesting is that as you use hyaluronic acid injected, you will need this procedure less and less. This is because the tissues remain more hydrated than before the injection, and the effects will be more and more persistent. The amount of acid you need also decreases as you use hyaluronic acid.
Side Effects of Hyaluronic Acid Injection
The small effects of injection with hyaluronic acid may be as follows:
- Pain or discomfort
- Winning the area
- Inflammation of the area
- Bleeding light
- It causes arthritis activity
- Forming some nodules
- Itching or sensitivity in the injected area
These small effects disappear within a few days of injection. Rarely, more serious side effects occur, such as allergic reactions, nausea, infection, headache, cold-specific symptoms. As a substance found naturally in the body, hyaluronic acid rarely causes problems in the body.
Contraindications of aesthetic treatments with hyaluronic acid
Injection with hyaluronic acid is contraindicated within the first 3 weeks after a chemical peeling or laser therapy. In pregnancy, hyaluronic acid is contraindicated. Also, the effects of hyaluronic acid injection during breastfeeding are not known, so it is advisable to wait until the baby is no longer breastfeeding. Patients suffering from autoimmune diseases such as lupus should consult their physician before using hyaluronic acid.
Scientists suspect that the healing process can be accelerated with hyaluronic acid, but studies are still being done on this topic. So there is no evidence to confirm its efficacy when it comes to treating skin burns.
Treatment of gonarthrosis
Specialists often recommend injections of hyaluronic acid in the treatment of gonarthrosis. This is because hyaluronic acid injected at the joints reduces rigidity and also increases mobility. Hyaluronic acid lubricates joints and cartilages, making patient life easier.
Hyaluronic acid is also used in ear surgery such as tympanoplasty.
Hyaluronic acid is also used in ophthalmic treatments, especially those used to treat dry eye syndrome. Hyaluronic acid can also be used in the injection route to treat corneal disease.
Treatment of respiratory problems
Scientists investigate the effects of hyaluronic acid in treating respiratory diseases. Hyaluronic acid based aerosols can suppress bronchial hyperactivity in patients with asthma or COPD. There are still studies on this topic, but hyaluronic acid could be a valuable ally in the treatment of lung disease.